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Orthopedics & knee replacement

Orthopedics & knee replacement

Orthopedics is known as a branch of surgery that addresses with the study of the human musculoskeletal system. The musculoskeletal system includes bones, joints, tendons, ligaments, and nerves that allow a person to comfortably move from one place to another. But sometimes various Musculoskeletal Disorders or injuries can hamper the lifestyle of people by restricting their joint mobility.

Musculoskeletal Disorders are mostly related to-

  • Routine activities and lifestyle that involve repeated usage of a specific joint
  • Wear and tear of joints in the course of time.
  • Sports, exercise or accidental injury.

The most common causes of orthopedic complications in today’s working people include excessive work or sitting for long hours in front of your computer, poor sitting posture or lack of stretching.
You should immediately consult an Orthopedician whenever you experience any of the following symptoms:

  • Joints pain and stiffness
  • Neck Pain
  • Difficulty in writing
  • Low Back Pain
  • Recurring dull pain and numbness in joints
  • Swelling of joints
  • Deformity of joints

Arthritis is a common joint disorder that involves pain, inflammation, and stiffness of one or more joints. Currently, over 100 different forms of arthritis are reported across the world. Various arthritis forms are Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic and other related autoimmune diseases. Osteoarthritis is the most common degenerative joint disorder, generally, occurs in old age people and may cause trauma or fracture to the joint.

In the initial stages, Arthritis can be managed by medications such as anti-inflammatory drugs to overcome the pain, inflammation, and swelling. In case the joint cartilage has been affected to an extent and X-rays confirm the major destruction, then surgical options can be considered.

The Global heart and Super Specialty Hospital provides the latest and advanced facilities to perform various surgical interventions for arthritis, as well as, joints or knee repair as per the doctor’s assessment and severity of the patient’s condition, including:

Arthroscopic Debridement

In this procedure, a telescope is used to locate and remove the products of wear and tear from the ruptured knee.

Total Knee Replacement

Total knee replacement is also known as ‘Arthroplasty’ which is usually performed to realign the joint by using the artificial parts or Prostheses. This new joint design also referred as High Flexion Knees that permits near complete range of joint movement.

Unicondylar Knee Replacement

This procedure is performed when only one half of the knee joint of a patient is affected or worn out. In such conditions only one part/side of the knee is replaced. This surgical procedure of Unicondylar Knee Replacement is comparatively more economical than Total Knee Replacement because it is less extensive and allows faster post-operative recovery.